See the table below. TISA is a student-based funding formula, and the BEP is a resource-based funding formula.

Student-Based Formulas

  • Inherently responsive to changes in student demographics
  • Flexible at the district and school levles
  • Responsive to changes in pedagogical methods
  • Calculation is clear and transparent

Resource-Based Formulas

  • Reflect a particular, frozen-in-time vision of education
  • May include more limited-use funds
  • Can be responsive or non-responsive to changes in student demographics, depending on design